Etymological Survey of the English Word-Stock 3. It is a historical evolution of lexical units. The Stoics noticed irregularities between the form and the content of certain words.
Etymological survey of the English word-stock: Words of native origin and their characteristics; b foreign elements in Modern English. Scandinavian borrowings, classical elements - Latin and Greek, French borrowings, Ukrainian-English lexical correlations; c assimilation of borrowings.
Types and degrees of assimilation; d international words. Word-formation in Modern English: The principles of morphemic analysis. Structural types of words: Productive and non-productive ways of word-formation. General characteristics of suffixes and prefixes. Productive and non-productive affixes, dead and living affixes.
Classification of compound words.
Coordinative and subordinate compound words and their types. Sound and stress interchange. It consists of two layers - the native stock of words and the borrowed stock of words.
Numerically the borrowed stock of words is considerably larger than the native stock of words. Native words are highly polysemantic and productive in forming word clusters and set expressions. The most effective way of borrowing is direct borrowing from another language as the result of contacts with the people of another country or with their literature.
But a word may also be borrowed from source language but through another language. When analyzing borrowed words one must distinguish between the two terms - "source of borrowing" and "origin of borrowing".
The first term is applied to the language from which the word was immediately borrowed, the second - to the language to which the word may be ultimately traced e.
First of all the borrowed stock of words may be classified according to the nature of the borrowing itself as borrowings proper, translation loans and semantic loans.
A semantic loan is the borrowing of a meaning for a word already existing in the English language e. Latin Loans are classified into the subgroups. Those are the words which came into English through the language of Anglo-Saxon tribes. The tribes had been in contact with Roman civilization and had adopted several Latin words denoting objects belonging to that civilization long before the invasion of Angles, Saxons and Jutes into Britain cup, kitchen, mill, port, wine.
To this group belong the words which penetrated the English vocabulary in the sixth and seventh centuries when the people of England were converted to Christianity priest bishop, nun, candle. The third period of Latin includes words which came into English due to two historical events: Some words came into English through French but some were taken directly from Latin major, minor intelligent, permanent.
The Latest Stratum of Latin Words. The words of this period are mainly abstract and scientific words nylon, molecular, vaccine, phenomenon vacuum. Norman-French Borrowings may be subdivided into subgroups: Early loans - 12th - 15th century 2. Later loans - beginning from the 16th century.
The Early French borrowings are simple short words, naturalized in accordance with the English language system state, power, war, pen, river. Later French borrowings can be identified by their peculiarities of form and pronunciation regime, police, ballet, scene, bourgeois.
Celtic 5th - 6th c. English proper element brought by 1st group: Angles, Saxons and Jutes not earlier 2nd group: Italian Renaissance and later VII. Indian and others Ukrainian-English lexical correlations Lexical correlations are defined as lexical units from different languages which are phonetically and semantically related.
The number of Ukrainian-English lexical correlations is about The history of the Slavonic-German ties resulted in the following correlations: Beside Ukrainian-English lexical correlations the Ukrainian language contains borrowings from modern English period e.
Etymological survey of the English word-stock. Learning objects: After you have studied the material you should be able: a) To speak on: The term "native (word-stock), sources of .
Etymology [L. etymologia. Etymological survey of the English word-stock. Topics for discussion. Words of native origin and their characteristics.
Foreign elements in Modern English. Classification of borrowings according to the language from which they were borrowed. Scandinavian borrowings, classical elements-Latin and Greek, French borrowings.
Etymological Survey of the English Word-Stock Essay Etymological survey of the English word -stock Learning objects: After you have studied the material you should be able: a) To speak on: The term "native (word -stock), sources of borrowing, “origin of borrowing”.
Etymological Survey of the English Word-Stock Words | 9 Pages Etymological survey of the English word-stock Learning objects: After you have studied the material you should be able: a) To speak on: The term "native (word-stock), sources of borrowing, “origin of borrowing”.